Numerous studies have found that men and women generally approach investing differently. Generalizations can be dangerous but there is ample evidence to indicate there are some common gender traits that may hinder our investment performance. An increased awareness of our potential strengths and weaknesses may help us to adjust our behavior for a better outcome.
Studies have found that men are more confident than women when it comes to investing. According to Meir Statman, professor of finance with Santa Clara University, “Women tend to be less overconfident than men. In the stock market, where so much is random, trying to do better than average is more likely to get you results that are below average. This really is where all the confidence is going to hurt you”. On the positive side confidence can prompt you to make a decision and take action, but overconfidence can result in taking too much risk and investing in things you don’t know enough about. A lack of confidence can result in taking too little risk and a reluctance to take action.
In another study conducted by Brad M. Barber, professor at UC Davis and Terrance Odean, professor at UC Berkeley, researchers found that overconfidence leads men to trade excessively. As a result their returns suffer more than women’s. But women and men sell securities indiscriminately; women just do it less often, so their performance doesn’t suffer as much.
According to the 2010 study by the Boston Consulting Group, women have a tendency to focus more on long term goals. Their investment strategy and risk tolerance revolves around long term goals and financial security. Men have more of a business orientation and tend to be more focused on efficient transactions and short term performance. Men are likely to be more competitive and thrill seeking in nature which can lead to a focus on short term returns. Women’s longer time horizon may help them to prepare for retirement but if they are overly concerned with security they may not take enough risk to earn the investment returns needed to meet retirement needs.
Additionally, the Blackrock Investor Pulse Survey of 4,000 Americans found that 48% of women describe themselves as knowledgeable about saving and investing vs. 57% of men. Women generally felt less confident making investment decisions and investing in the stock market. Typically women were likely to do more research, take more time to make investment decisions, use more self-control and stay the course.
Studies have also indicated women enjoy learning about investments in a group setting and men are more likely to be independent learners. Women are also more receptive to financial research and advice.
The best approach to successful investing is a blend of habits commonly practiced by both men and women. Identify your personal biases and tendencies and make adjustments to achieve optimal investment results.