This is a great time to maximize your retirement contributions. Not only will you save money on taxes but you can buy stock mutual funds on sale. The one year return on the S&P 500 is down about 8% and market volatility is likely to continue throughout the year.
Dollar cost averaging is a great way to invest during a volatile market and it is well suited for contributing to your retirement plans. With dollar cost averaging you invest a set amount every month or quarter up to your annual contribution limit. When the stock market is low you buy more shares and when the market is high you buy fewer shares. You can take advantage of dips in the market and avoid buying too much at, inopportune times when the market is high.
Ideally, the goal is to maximize contributions to your tax advantaged retirement plans however, this isn’t always possible. Prioritize by contributing to your employer’s 401k plan up to the match, if your employer matches your contributions. Your next priority is usually to maximize contributions to your Roth and then resume contributions to your 401k, 403b, 457 or self-employment plan. Contributions to traditional employer plans are made with before tax dollars and taxable at regular income tax rates when withdrawn. Roth contributions are made with after tax dollars and are tax free when withdrawn in retirement. Some employers have begun to offer a Roth option with their 401k or 403b plans.
For 2015 and 2016 the maximum you can contribute to an IRA is $5,500 plus a catch-up provision of $1,000, if you were 50 or older by the last day of the year. You have until the due date of your return, not including extensions, to make a contribution – which is April 18 for 2015. There are income limits on who can contribute to a Roth IRA. In 2015, eligibility to contribute to a Roth IRA phases out at a Modified Adjusted Income (MAGI) of $116,000 to $131,000 for single filers and $183,000 to $193,000 for joint filers. In 2016 the phase out is $117,000 to $132,000 for single filers and $184,000 to $194,000 for joint filers.
Your 401k contribution limits for both 2015 and 2016 are $18,000 plus a catch-up provision of $6,000, if you were 50 or over by the end of the year. If you are employed by a non-profit organization, contact your benefits office for contribution limits on your plan.
If you are self-employed maximize your Simple (Savings Investment Match Plan for Employees) or SEP (Simplified Employee Pension Plan) and if you don’t already have a plan consider starting one to help defer taxes until retirement.
Regardless of your situation take advantage of retirement plans to defer or reduce income taxes on your retirement savings. Current market volatility may provide some good opportunities to help boost your retirement nest egg.