Planning for Retirement is More Than Picking a Date
Jane M. Young, CFP, EA
Below are some questions you may want to consider when you start planning for retirement.
What does retirement look like?
When do you want to start cutting back on your work hours? Do you want to stop working altogether or try something new?
Do you want to take a break for a few years and return to work part time? What are the opportunities for someone of retirement age in your chosen field?
How will you feel in retirement? How much of your personal identity and self esteem is associated with what you do? How will you feed your need for a sense of accomplishment, friendships, social interaction and status? Are you ready for retirement? Maybe a gradual transition will be more comfortable.
Where and how will you live? Do you plan to move to a less expensive city or country? Are you going to stay in your home or downsize to something with less maintenance?
How will you spend your time and money? Do you plan to travel, write a book or play tennis?
How will your expenses change in retirement? (Downsize or pay-off house, travel, no kids and no 401k contribution)
Where are you today?
What are your current expenses and what are you earning? How will this change in the coming years? Do you need to make some improvements in your career/earning situation?
How much are you saving for retirement? Could you squeeze out just a little more? Most people need to be saving between 10 – 15%. If you are getting started late you should be saving more.
What can you expect from a pension or social security?
Are you maximizing your ability to contribute to retirement plans such as 401ks, 403bs and Roth IRAs? Are you taking advantage of opportunities for matching contributions from your employer?
How much do you have put away for retirement?
Is your portfolio well diversified to meet your retirement needs? Avoid being too conservation or too aggressive.