After the funeral is over and everyone has returned home you are faced with the overwhelming task of getting your financial affairs in order. It’s natural to feel disinterested, distracted and confused with all the decisions that need to be made. Over the next few years you may feel like you are in a fog and you may have trouble concentrating. During the first couple years be easy on yourself and avoid making any major decisions. You may be approached by a lot of people trying to give you advice and sell you products, avoid any major changes or decision for at least a year. Don’t buy or sell a house or make major decisions on where you want to live, avoid any major changes to your investments and avoid making any significant gifts to charity or family members at this time. Be aware of salespeople who use scare tactics to coax you into making decisions before you are ready. Take it slow, give yourself time to grieve. In a few years you may have a completely different perspective on how you want to proceed.
There are some things that need to be done right away. Initially it is important to be sure you have enough liquidity to cover your living expenses. Start by getting organized – if you have always handled the household finances you know what bills need to be paid and where all of your assets are. If not review all of your current bills and go through the credit card statement and check register to get handle on bills that will need to be paid. Pull together all of your financial statements to understand your current situation. Evaluate you current income situation to be sure you have enough money to cover your expenses.
Relatively soon you will want to apply for any benefits for which you may be entitled. This may include Social Security, Veterans Benefits, Life Insurance or a Pension. If you spouse was working, be sure to contact their employer to apply for any unpaid wages or survivor benefits. This is also a good time to make sure you have adequate health insurance. You should also contact your home and auto insurance company to make sure your coverage is intact.
At this point you may want to assemble a financial support team to help you through this difficult time. Depending on the complexity of your situation, it may be helpful to hire an Estate Planning Attorney, a Certified Public Account and a fee-only Certified Financial Planner to help you settle the estate, file tax returns, retitle assets and eventually develop of financial plan. Ask friends and colleagues to recommend and help you select trusted professionals.