As mentioned in my previous post, about 75% of the population will spend $10,000 or less on Long Term Care (LTC) and about 6% will spend over $100,000. You may not need extended LTC but due to the significant costs, the possibility should be addressed in your financial planning. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services the average monthly cost for long term care in 2013 was $1343 for adult day care, $3,500 for assisted living, $4,000 for home health care and $6,500 for nursing care. Based on cost increases over the last 5 years, it’s reasonable to assume that LTC will continue to increase about 5% annually. If we assume a current LTC cost of $5,000 per month, with a compound inflation rate of 5%, the annual cost of LTC in twenty years could be $159,197. Although the probability of needing LTC for an extended period of time is low, if you need care, it can quickly diminish your retirement nest egg.
Based on the danger of depleting your savings, LTC insurance may seem like a logical option but the cost can be significant and it’s not without risk. The cost of LTC insurance is dependent on your age, your health, the daily benefit, the benefit period and the inflation protection. Below are some average LTC insurance rates for individuals with a standard health rate, a daily benefit of $150, a benefit period of 3 years and a 3% compound inflation growth option. The average LTC care insurance rate for a single person age 55 is $2,007 per year, the rate for a couple both 55 is $2466, and the rate for a couple both age 60 is $3,381.
If you decide to purchase LTC insurance, compare prices and work with a couple of different brokers who work with several companies. Companies have different niches where some may have the lowest prices for those in their 50’s while others may focus on clients who are in especially good health. A good insurance broker can help you select the best provider for your situation.
You also want to purchase LTC insurance from a high quality company, this is not the place to go with the low cost provider. Select a company with a reasonable chance of being solvent down the road, when you need the coverage. Over the last several years, 10 out of the top 20 providers have stopped providing LTC insurance. Additionally, as a result of higher than anticipated LTC costs, low interest rates and a larger than expected number of people holding on to their policies, LTC insurance companies have significantly raised their premiums. Many older policies have had premium increases in excess of 20% – 40%. Although industry insiders claim to have a better handle on this going forward, there is still a risk of premium increases in the future.